Android Studio 3.0+ Record Espresso Test 自動化測試

準備工作

1.將android studio 版本升級到3.0+
2.百度下載夜神模擬器


夜神模擬器的基本設置

 

 

 

 

PS:以上就是夜神模擬器的基本設置

Android Studio 連接夜神模擬器

//夜神模擬器默認的地址
adb connect 127.0.0.1:62001

 

開始錄制自動測試代碼

在頂部工具欄找到Run -> Record Espresso Test -> 選擇夜神模擬器雙擊啟動 -> 啟動后界面如下圖

 

PS:操作模擬器 -> Record Your Test 彈框將自動生成你的行為代碼 -> 點擊OK -> 命名并保存代碼

      注意每次運行都會重新安裝,從啟動頁開始,但是可以針對功能點錄制,然后生成一份一份的測試腳本

運行自動化測試腳本

PS:靜待安裝,然后模擬器會自動執行你錄制的動作,Logcat可以查看日志


貼上一份 Record Espresso Test的腳本看看

package com.example.administrator.teagarden.activity.login;


import android.support.test.espresso.ViewInteraction;
import android.support.test.filters.LargeTest;
import android.support.test.rule.ActivityTestRule;
import android.support.test.runner.AndroidJUnit4;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewGroup;
import android.view.ViewParent;
import com.example.administrator.teagarden.R;
import org.hamcrest.Description;
import org.hamcrest.Matcher;
import org.hamcrest.TypeSafeMatcher;
import org.junit.Rule;
import org.junit.Test;
import org.junit.runner.RunWith;
import static android.support.test.espresso.Espresso.onView;
import static android.support.test.espresso.action.ViewActions.click;
import static android.support.test.espresso.action.ViewActions.closeSoftKeyboard;
import static android.support.test.espresso.action.ViewActions.replaceText;
import static android.support.test.espresso.matcher.ViewMatchers.isDisplayed;
import static android.support.test.espresso.matcher.ViewMatchers.withClassName;
import static android.support.test.espresso.matcher.ViewMatchers.withId;
import static android.support.test.espresso.matcher.ViewMatchers.withText;
import static org.hamcrest.Matchers.allOf;
import static org.hamcrest.Matchers.is;

@LargeTest
@RunWith(AndroidJUnit4.class)
public class SplashActivityTest {

    @Rule
    public ActivityTestRule<SplashActivity> mActivityTestRule = new ActivityTestRule<>(SplashActivity.class);

    @Test
    public void splashActivityTest() {
        // Added a sleep statement to match the app's execution delay.
        // The recommended way to handle such scenarios is to use Espresso idling resources:
        // https://google.github.io/android-testing-support-library/docs/espresso/idling-resource/index.html
        try {
            Thread.sleep(6000);
        } catch (InterruptedException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }

        ViewInteraction appCompatEditText = onView(
                allOf(withId(R.id.login_edit_user),
                        childAtPosition(
                                childAtPosition(
                                        withClassName(is("android.widget.LinearLayout")),
                                        2),
                                0),
                        isDisplayed()));
        appCompatEditText.perform(click());

        ViewInteraction appCompatEditText2 = onView(
                allOf(withId(R.id.login_edit_user),
                        childAtPosition(
                                childAtPosition(
                                        withClassName(is("android.widget.LinearLayout")),
                                        2),
                                0),
                        isDisplayed()));
        appCompatEditText2.perform(replaceText("152****3478"), closeSoftKeyboard());

        ViewInteraction appCompatEditText3 = onView(
                allOf(withId(R.id.login_edit_mima),
                        childAtPosition(
                                allOf(withId(R.id.logint_edit_layout),
                                        childAtPosition(
                                                withClassName(is("android.widget.LinearLayout")),
                                                4)),
                                0),
                        isDisplayed()));
        appCompatEditText3.perform(replaceText("admin000"), closeSoftKeyboard());

        ViewInteraction appCompatButton = onView(
                allOf(withId(R.id.login_button), withText("登錄"),
                        childAtPosition(
                                childAtPosition(
                                        withClassName(is("android.widget.RelativeLayout")),
                                        1),
                                2),
                        isDisplayed()));
        appCompatButton.perform(click());

        // Added a sleep statement to match the app's execution delay.
        // The recommended way to handle such scenarios is to use Espresso idling resources:
        // https://google.github.io/android-testing-support-library/docs/espresso/idling-resource/index.html
        try {
            Thread.sleep(3000);
        } catch (InterruptedException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }

        ViewInteraction radioButton = onView(
                allOf(withId(R.id.main_home_radio2), withText("監控"),
                        childAtPosition(
                                allOf(withId(R.id.main_tab_group),
                                        childAtPosition(
                                                withClassName(is("android.widget.LinearLayout")),
                                                0)),
                                1),
                        isDisplayed()));
        radioButton.perform(click());

        // Added a sleep statement to match the app's execution delay.
        // The recommended way to handle such scenarios is to use Espresso idling resources:
        // https://google.github.io/android-testing-support-library/docs/espresso/idling-resource/index.html
        try {
            Thread.sleep(3000);
        } catch (InterruptedException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        
        ViewInteraction radioButton2 = onView(
                allOf(withId(R.id.main_home_radio3), withText("動態"),
                        childAtPosition(
                                allOf(withId(R.id.main_tab_group),
                                        childAtPosition(
                                                withClassName(is("android.widget.LinearLayout")),
                                                0)),
                                2),
                        isDisplayed()));
        radioButton2.perform(click());

        // Added a sleep statement to match the app's execution delay.
        // The recommended way to handle such scenarios is to use Espresso idling resources:
        // https://google.github.io/android-testing-support-library/docs/espresso/idling-resource/index.html
        try {
            Thread.sleep(3000);
        } catch (InterruptedException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }

        ViewInteraction radioButton3 = onView(
                allOf(withId(R.id.main_home_radio4), withText("我的"),
                        childAtPosition(
                                allOf(withId(R.id.main_tab_group),
                                        childAtPosition(
                                                withClassName(is("android.widget.LinearLayout")),
                                                0)),
                                3),
                        isDisplayed()));
        radioButton3.perform(click());
    }

    private static Matcher<View> childAtPosition(
            final Matcher<View> parentMatcher, final int position) {

        return new TypeSafeMatcher<View>() {
            @Override
            public void describeTo(Description description) {
                description.appendText("Child at position " + position + " in parent ");
                parentMatcher.describeTo(description);
            }

            @Override
            public boolean matchesSafely(View view) {
                ViewParent parent = view.getParent();
                return parent instanceof ViewGroup && parentMatcher.matches(parent)
                        && view.equals(((ViewGroup) parent).getChildAt(position));
            }
        };
    }
}

ps:代碼其實很簡單,照搬照套,還有別的花樣么...錄制的時候,也就是操作模擬器,生成代碼的時候有點卡....有沒有人告訴我怎么解決?

 

posted @ 2019-06-22 15:04 YangBryant 閱讀(...) 評論(...) 編輯 收藏